Marino, Gérard, Serra, Marie-Hélène, Raczinski, Jean-Michel


The UPIC System: Origins and Innovations

Perspectives of New Music, Vol. 31, No 1. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 258-269.

Language(s): English


Computing Micro-level Structure Recording Editing Additive Synthesis Frequency Modulation Synthesis Interactivity Real-time Graphic Score Computer Music


UPIC is a computer system to compose electronic music by way of graphic (object) notation. There were four versions: 1977, 1983, 1987 (including real-time synthesis), 1991 (the first commercial version). The authors present technical and musical characteristics ranging from the opportunities with regard to synthesis to the realisation of sequences.