Ayers, Lydia


Synthesising Chinese Flutes Using Csound

Organised Sound: Vol. 10 no. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 37-49.

URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/jid_OSO

Language(s): English


Temperament/Tuning Systems ,  Synthesis and Resynthesis Techniques Additive Synthesis Socio-Cultural Aspects of Electroacoustic Music


This paper gives brief descriptions of five Chinese flutes: the paixiao, xun, koudi, xiao and dizi, and short musical excerpts with their notation, idiomatic phrasing and typical ornaments. The source material section describes their spectral characteristics. Following a brief description of the previous wavetable synthesis design, an expressive new Csound additive synthesis design used to model the instruments is described. Chinese notation is a convenient Csound pitch input method using Ling Lun’s tuning. Finally, several excerpts from compositions illustrate applications of the designs.