Doornbusch, Paul


Computer Sound Synthesis in 1951: The Music of CSIRAC

Computer Music Journal: Vol. 28, no.1. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 10-25.


Language(s): English


Computing Historical Electroacoustic Instruments Synthesis and Resynthesis Techniques Computer Music Electronic Music


This article describes the musical sounds first produced in the 1950s by CSIR Mk I (a stored-program electronic digital computer later known as CSIRAC) when there were no digital-to-analog converters for playback, no techniques for working with digital audio, and little in the way of a complete theory of digital audio.

All references of the same author:


Doornbusch, Paul (2002b). A Brief Survey of Mapping in Algorithmic Composition