Hinkle-Turner, Elizabeth


Women and Music Technology: Pioneers, Precedents and Issues in the United States

Organised Sound: Vol. 8 no. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 31-47.

URL: http://journals.cambridge.org/jid_OSO

Language(s): English


Socio-Cultural Aspects of Electroacoustic Music Gender Studies History of Electroacoustic Music


The origins of women’s pioneering contributions to the repertoire and history of electroacoustic music can often be linked to the growth of academic and commercial electronic and computer music studios in North America. A significant number of early female composers in the medium received their initial training and experience in the United States and their accomplishments begin in the earliest decades of the twentieth century. Women’s achievements in the educational and entertainment sectors have laid the foundation for subsequent generations who have influenced the aesthetic and technical path of electroacoustic music. Excerpted from several chapters of the author’s historical series on women composers and music technology, the article outlines the contributions of several of the earliest women in the United States to the utilisation of music technology in creative work. Also discussed are research precedents in this area and issues regarding women and music technology in the United States today.

All references of the same author:


Hinkle-Turner, Elizabeth (2005). Hear Me Now: the implication and significance of the female composer's voice as sound source in her electroacoustic music
Hinkle-Turner, Elizabeth (2006). Women Composers and Music Technology in the United States