Improvisation

Genres et catégories [G&C]

 ]

This is a difficult term to define, since it pertains to such a wide variety of diverse musical practices, but most simply put is the act of musical decision-making during performance. From the perspective of Western musical traditions, it will frequently relate to relationships between decisions made by composers (and normally written down through musical notation) and those made by performers as part of their interpretation of a composition. Decision-making may relate to micro-level aspects of the musical surface, or macro-level aspects of structure and form. Improvisation may rely upon some degree of pre-determined framework (whether notationally or otherwise culturally mediated). During the twentieth century significant musical developments for which improvisation was integral were jazz, and subsequently free jazz (which loosened use of frameworks of harmonic progression, melodic development, relationships between performers, and musical temporality) along with some forms of (experimental) rock. The experimental music movement that emerged in the UK during the 1960s, privileged improvisation with social and political, as well as sonic, motivations. Improvisation, too, was an influence upon the development of American minimalist music. The term free improvisation is used to describe performance that makes extremely limited use of pre-made decisions or frameworks, and is (in principle at least) completely stylistically open-ended.

As in other forms of contemporary music, improvisation in electroacoustic music may be closely related to forms of aleatory or indeterminacy. So-called live electronics is now long established and diverse. Improvisation and aleatory often meet where musicians have built custom electronic instruments and devices, for example in the ‘composing inside electronics’ aesthetics (associated with David Tudor), and performance with ‘feedback instruments’. The digital connectivity offered through computer technologies has allowed musicians to experiment with new modes of collective and collaborative decision-making on stage. Also, improvisation can be found in activities outside of conventional performances, for example in the use made by many composers of analogue studio equipment in shaping sound materials, and the decision-making made by participants in real-time activity with sound across distributed networks. Improvisation is also an integral aspect of DJ culture and turntablism.

 

See also

Aléatoire

,

Instruments électroacoustiques

,

Musique expérimentale

,

Indétermination

,

Électronique en direct (Live Electronics)

,

Aspects socioculturels de la musique électroacoustique

 

Bibliography:

English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Cipriani, Alessandro, Ciardi, Fabio Cifariello, Ceccarelli, Luigi, Cardi, Mauro (2004). Collective Composition: The Case of Edison Studio
Collins, Nick, McLean, Alex, Rohrhuber, Julian, Ward, Adrian (2003c). Live Coding in Laptop Performance
Impett, Jonathan (1996). Projection and Interactivity of Musical Structures in {Mirror-Rite}
McNutt, Elizabeth (2003). Performing Electroacoustic Music: A wider view of interactivity
Metzelaar, Helen (2004). Women and ‘Kraakgeluiden’: The participation of women improvisers in the Dutch electronic music scene
Moorefield, Virgil, Weeter, Jeffrey (2004). The Lucid Dream Ensemble: A laboratory of discovery in the age of convergence
Rebelo, Pablo (2003). Performing Space
Whalley, Ian (2005). Traditional New Zealand Mäori Instruments, Composition and Digital Technology: Some recent collaborations and processes

 

Top

buy online celexa in canada francesco allegra plant based melatonin more info dexamethasone micronized cas http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=814975 more info printable coupsn tylenol aricept online phenergan ld50 http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=648557 xalatan 0.005 erythromycin gi motility in california advantages of accutane information otc zyrtec substitute cytoxan 250 mh cipro flex tefillin melatonin evista art pro 250 cipro mg prevacid hip benadryl agitation http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=781101 ashwagandha blood pressure melatonin analog naltrexone kn cayenne in mayami antibiotics cephalexin intertrigo cipro in united states weaning from zoloft naltrexone hydrochloride info about vincent allegra more xopenex puff coumadin hold in united states information about ashwagandha coumadin coq10 pomegranate coumadin astrazeneca seroquel lawsuit methotrexate solubility liquid amoxicillin allegra products in california erythromycin price information about avelox 400mg tabs lamictal kidneys glaxosmithkline more info about spiriva muscle cramps rogaine races about intraarticular kenalog buy melatonin nz plavix drug programs more cyklokapron in secaris wellbutrin buspar phenergan dea schedule lexapro equivolent generic equivalent avelox valtrex generic zyrtec commercial in united states atrovent albuterol neb prevacid pms