Performance Practice and Presentation [PPP]  ]

This is a difficult term to define, since it pertains to such a wide variety of diverse musical practices, but most simply put is the act of musical decision-making during performance. From the perspective of Western musical traditions, it will frequently relate to relationships between decisions made by composers (and normally written down through musical notation) and those made by performers as part of their interpretation of a composition. Decision-making may relate to micro-level aspects of the musical surface, or macro-level aspects of structure and form. Improvisation may rely upon some degree of pre-determined framework (whether notationally or otherwise culturally mediated). During the twentieth century significant musical developments for which improvisation was integral were jazz, and subsequently free jazz (which loosened use of frameworks of harmonic progression, melodic development, relationships between performers, and musical temporality) along with some forms of (experimental) rock. The experimental music movement that emerged in the UK during the 1960s, privileged improvisation with social and political, as well as sonic, motivations. Improvisation, too, was an influence upon the development of American minimalist music. The term free improvisation is used to describe performance that makes extremely limited use of pre-made decisions or frameworks, and is (in principle at least) completely stylistically open-ended.

As in other forms of contemporary music, improvisation in electroacoustic music may be closely related to forms of aleatory or indeterminacy. So-called live electronics is now long established and diverse. Improvisation and aleatory often meet where musicians have built custom electronic instruments and devices, for example in the ‘composing inside electronics’ aesthetics (associated with David Tudor), and performance with ‘feedback instruments’. The digital connectivity offered through computer technologies has allowed musicians to experiment with new modes of collective and collaborative decision-making on stage. Also, improvisation can be found in activities outside of conventional performances, for example in the use made by many composers of analogue studio equipment in shaping sound materials, and the decision-making made by participants in real-time activity with sound across distributed networks. Improvisation is also an integral aspect of DJ culture and turntablism.


See also:

Aleatory, Electroacoustic Instruments, Experimental Music, Indeterminacy, Live Electronics, Socio-Cultural Aspects of Electroacoustic Music



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order


more info about zocor 50 mg buy olanzapine 20 mg generic fluconazole accutane over the counter armodafinil modafinil price medicine bactrim ds 800 in canada imatinib generic accutane online pharmacy azithromycin tab azithromycin 25 0 mg t cipro ciprofloxacin order aldactone in mayami cheap omeprazole no prescription bactrim medicine bupropion 300mg xl watson in usa canada omeprazole cheap more nexium 40 mg capsules piracetam powder to zocor 20mg no prescription premarin buy tadalafil modafinil online order amitriptyline no prescription information about bupropion 300 142 norvasc 10 mg tablet price of nexium 30 mirtazapine usa piracetam online naltrexone 1 mg purchase filagra order tizan more modalert from india accutane buy canada pharmacy accutane in brazil more info india bimatoprost opthalmic solution .03 info about bupropion sr xl fluconazole tab 100 mg lipitor india more buy diclofenac sodium bupropion hcl sr tablets in mayami amlodipine besylate generic buy orlistat order amisulpride online amitriptyline hcl 50 lumigan drops about order filagra prilosec canada metronidazole buy online more info about purchase lithosun sr