One of the most internationally adopted concepts of Pierre Schaeffer is that of the Modes of Listening (Quatre Ecoutes). Schaeffer’s idea has been freely adapted and developed in French (notably by Michel Chion) and English (notably by Denis Smalley). Understanding of our multiple motivations for (and mechanisms of) hearing and listening continues to be of fundamental significance to electroacoustic research and creative practice, and has been futher developed through the fields of psychoacoustics, music psychology, perceptual science and cognitive science.
See also:Acousmatic, Acoustic Communication, Causal Listening, Listening Experience, Listening Strategy, Quatre Écoutes, Reduced Listening, Schaefferian Theory, Semantic Listening, Spectromorphology
Bibliography: Chion, Michel (1983). Guide des objets sonores, Pierre Schaeffer et la recherche musicale
Schaeffer, Pierre (1977). Traité des objets musicaux