Modes of Listening

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Listening Experience  ]

One of the most internationally adopted concepts of Pierre Schaeffer is that of the Modes of Listening (Quatre Ecoutes). Schaeffer’s idea has been freely adapted and developed in French (notably by Michel Chion) and English (notably by Denis Smalley). Understanding of our multiple motivations for (and mechanisms of) hearing and listening continues to be of fundamental significance to electroacoustic research and creative practice, and has been futher developed through the fields of psychoacoustics, music psychology, perceptual science and cognitive science.


See also:

Acousmatic, Acoustic Communication, Causal Listening, Listening Experience, Listening Strategy, Quatre Écoutes, Reduced Listening, Schaefferian Theory, Semantic Listening, Spectromorphology



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Adkins, Matthew (1999). Acoustic Chains in Acousmatic Music
Belkin, Alan (1988). Orchestration, Perception, and Musical Time: A Composer’s View
Chion, Michel (1983). Guide des objets sonores, Pierre Schaeffer et la recherche musicale
Palombini, Carlos (1993b). Pierre Schaeffer’s Typo-Morphology of Sonic Objects
Palombini, Carlos (2002). Musique Concrète Revisited
Schaeffer, Pierre (1977). Traité des objets musicaux
SCHAEFFER, Pierre (1988). Tratado de los Objetos Musicales (traducción del original en francés, Traité des objets musicaux [version abrégée], por Araceli Cabezón de Diego)