Quatre ╔coutes

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Listening Experience  ]

This term is one of the key theoretical concepts in Schaeffer’s theory. There are four modes of listening (╔couter, Ou´r, Entendre, Comprendre) which can be arranged in a table with four sections numbered from one to four. They arise from the crossing over of two dualisms which are encountered universally in every perceptual activity: the Abstract/Concrete dualism and the Objective/Subjective dualism (a confrontation between the object of perception and the activity of the perceiving consciousness). Schaeffer represents them as follows:

Abstract Concrete
4. COMPRENDREá 1. ╔COUTER Objective
3. ENTENDREá 2. OU¤R Subjective
  1. ╔couter, is listening to someone, to something; and through the intermediary of sound, aiming to identify the source, the event, the cause, it treats the sound as a sign of this source, this event (Concrete/Objective).
  2. Ou´r, to perceive by the ear, to be struck by sounds, it is the crudest level, the most elementary of perception; so we "hear", passively, lots of things which we are not trying to listen to nor understand (Concrete/Subjective).
  3. Entendre, here, according to its etymology, means showing an intention to listen [Úcouter], choosing from what we hear [ou´r] what particularly interests us, thus "determining" what we hear (Abstract/Subjective).
  4. Comprendre, means grasping a meaning, values, by treating the sound like a sign, referring to this meaning as a function of a language, a code (semantic hearing; Abstract/Objective).

These four modes can be summarised more or less in this sentence: "I heard (ou´r) you despite myself, although I did not listen (Úcouter) at the door, but I didn’t understand (comprendre) what I heard (entendre)." (Paraphrase of Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)


See also:

Causal Listening, Listening Strategy, Modes of Listening, Reduced Listening, Schaefferian Theory, Semantic Listening, Technological Listening



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order


info about buy cheapest baclof fludrocortisone omeprazole buy costco no prescription tretinoin buying metronidazole in uk http://telegramme228.com/svn.php?ssf=157067 1 g azithromycin purchase flagyl without prescription information premarin generic equivalent buy latisse bimatoprost cilostazol 50 mg tablets cheap canada nexium no rx tretinoin cream femara 7.5mg more info piracetam where to buy caverta sales order norvasc online canadian in uk azithromycin no script http://netia59.ac-lille.fr/rxs/?gha=524212 penegra in india buy tizan buy amitriptyline online nexium 40mg cost norvasc more info piracetam hong kong generic buproprion enalapril generic or brand in california accutane buy online in canada about iressa manufacturer voltaren capsules http://sfc.asso.fr/?mar=20614 generic bupropion anchen order zyban online in mexico more info about generic dapoxetine discount zocor 12 hour omeprazole buy a-ret without a prescription 20 mg omeprazole info about amlodipine besylate 2.5 mg rapamune wyeth http://theatre-bourg.com/?fga=820057 omeprazole caps iressa cost in usa caverta canada purchase baclofen amlodipine on line buy lumigan uk doxycycline cheapest quinine sulphate in california premarin prices in canada buy zenegra uk baclofen in india http://sfc-classification.net/?hty=464097 about buy modalert online india