Quatre ╔coutes

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Listening Experience  ]

This term is one of the key theoretical concepts in Schaeffer’s theory. There are four modes of listening (╔couter, Ou´r, Entendre, Comprendre) which can be arranged in a table with four sections numbered from one to four. They arise from the crossing over of two dualisms which are encountered universally in every perceptual activity: the Abstract/Concrete dualism and the Objective/Subjective dualism (a confrontation between the object of perception and the activity of the perceiving consciousness). Schaeffer represents them as follows:

Abstract Concrete
4. COMPRENDREá 1. ╔COUTER Objective
3. ENTENDREá 2. OU¤R Subjective
  1. ╔couter, is listening to someone, to something; and through the intermediary of sound, aiming to identify the source, the event, the cause, it treats the sound as a sign of this source, this event (Concrete/Objective).
  2. Ou´r, to perceive by the ear, to be struck by sounds, it is the crudest level, the most elementary of perception; so we "hear", passively, lots of things which we are not trying to listen to nor understand (Concrete/Subjective).
  3. Entendre, here, according to its etymology, means showing an intention to listen [Úcouter], choosing from what we hear [ou´r] what particularly interests us, thus "determining" what we hear (Abstract/Subjective).
  4. Comprendre, means grasping a meaning, values, by treating the sound like a sign, referring to this meaning as a function of a language, a code (semantic hearing; Abstract/Objective).

These four modes can be summarised more or less in this sentence: "I heard (ou´r) you despite myself, although I did not listen (Úcouter) at the door, but I didn’t understand (comprendre) what I heard (entendre)." (Paraphrase of Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)


See also:

Causal Listening, Listening Strategy, Modes of Listening, Reduced Listening, Schaefferian Theory, Semantic Listening, Technological Listening



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order


http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/femara-generic-availibility/ order lithosun sr online purchase diflucan bupron sr 150 mg bactrim for antibiotic lock azithromycin 250 mg tablets in new york more lipitor in portugal buy stendra avanafil prilosec canada nexium generic http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/generic-accutane/ femara without prescription bactrim otc in uk purchase zyban online in uk buy tretinoin cream in uk buy finasteride 5mg buy accutane online piracetam ontario toronto more info about baclofen generic buy caverta india http://www.fitnessformula.it/norvasc-10mg/ http://www.fitnessformula.it/buy-modafinil-usa/ lipitor 20 mg buy bimatoprost ophthalmic http://moblico.com/sildigra-professional/ gleevec 100 mg order admenta buy zithromax 500mg piracetam ohio in uk info about order amitriptyline no prescription buy caverta uk 5 mg zocor cost purchase azithromycin online buy accutane online 10mg amitriptyline in mayami premarin information bupropion canada azithromycin buy cheap prilosec buy zithromax paypal in usa generic femara in canada premarin australia http://www.r-p-f.org/bupropion-sr-150/ voltaren omeprazole cost in united states information about geftinat natco pharma more info buy xenical online usa omeprazole 20 mg capsules ciprofloxacin 500 mg g in india naltrexone 1 mg lipitor generic online pharmacy metronidazole buy imatinib generic generic gleevec buy prilosec online in united states bupropion hcl 150mg xl buy bupropion online buy nexium cheap accutane manufacturer buy lumigan uk in united states