Quatre Écoutes

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Listening Experience  ]

This term is one of the key theoretical concepts in Schaeffer’s theory. There are four modes of listening (Écouter, Ouïr, Entendre, Comprendre) which can be arranged in a table with four sections numbered from one to four. They arise from the crossing over of two dualisms which are encountered universally in every perceptual activity: the Abstract/Concrete dualism and the Objective/Subjective dualism (a confrontation between the object of perception and the activity of the perceiving consciousness). Schaeffer represents them as follows:

Abstract Concrete
4. COMPRENDRE  1. ÉCOUTER Objective
3. ENTENDRE  2. OUÏR Subjective
  1. Écouter, is listening to someone, to something; and through the intermediary of sound, aiming to identify the source, the event, the cause, it treats the sound as a sign of this source, this event (Concrete/Objective).
  2. Ouïr, to perceive by the ear, to be struck by sounds, it is the crudest level, the most elementary of perception; so we "hear", passively, lots of things which we are not trying to listen to nor understand (Concrete/Subjective).
  3. Entendre, here, according to its etymology, means showing an intention to listen [écouter], choosing from what we hear [ouïr] what particularly interests us, thus "determining" what we hear (Abstract/Subjective).
  4. Comprendre, means grasping a meaning, values, by treating the sound like a sign, referring to this meaning as a function of a language, a code (semantic hearing; Abstract/Objective).

These four modes can be summarised more or less in this sentence: "I heard (ouïr) you despite myself, although I did not listen (écouter) at the door, but I didn’t understand (comprendre) what I heard (entendre)." (Paraphrase of Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)

 

See also:

Causal Listening, Listening Strategy, Modes of Listening, Reduced Listening, Schaefferian Theory, Semantic Listening, Technological Listening

 

Bibliography:

English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Chion, Michel (1983). Guide des objets sonores, Pierre Schaeffer et la recherche musicale
Palombini, Carlos (2002). Musique Concrète Revisited
Schaeffer, Pierre, Reibel, Guy, Ferreyra Beatriz, (1998 (1967)). Solfège de l’objet sonore

Top

cost of lipitor 10mg
online premarin
http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/nexium-buy-cheap/
desipramine piracetam
discount aldactone in canada
info about buy vardenafil
http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/malegra-dxt-tablets/
http://www.fitnessformula.it/metronidazole-order-cheap/
http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/bupropion-hcl-xl-300/
buy vibramycin doxycycline
http://www.r-p-f.org/amlodipine-besylate-2-5/
rogaine shampoo
enalapril 10mg w 925
about generic ciprofloxacin cobalt
more info about buy x-vir usa
buy provigil alertec modalert
price of tretinoin cream
bupropion hcl xl 150
bupropion 300 142
http://www.r-p-f.org/simvastatin-10mg/
 enalapril no prescription
cilostazol generic in uk
generic of amlodipine
norvasc 10 mg tablet in california
armodafinil adhd in india
prices prilosec generic
generics of lipitor
buy generic bimatoprost 0.03
bactrim 60 mg plus smg
 diclofenac on line
esomeprazole mexico
http://youthfacts.com.au/bupropion-cheap/
viread in france
http://moblico.com/buy-generic-hostacycline-online/
60 mg prilosec
ciprofloxacin tablet in canada
diflucan tablets
geftinat 250 mg price in india in united states
clomiphene citrate
http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/norvasc-tablets/
generic form of zocor
accutane manufacturer
http://moblico.com/best-buy-for-simvastatin/
buy bimatoprost paypal
vasotec enalapril
metronidazole in canada
http://youthfacts.com.au/bactrim-400/
 ciprofloxacin  without a prescription
doxycycline 100mg
information about purchase norvasc online
http://www.projectsforpreschoolers.com/buying-omeprazole/
atorvastatin 40 mg discount
about buy aldactone online
buy super kamagra uk in california
 lumigan  uk
rapamune purchase online
information about 1 gm azithromycin
more info non prescription premarin
bupropion xl 300mg tablets