Quatre ╔coutes

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Schaefferian Theory  ]

This term is one of the key theoretical concepts in Schaeffer’s theory. There are four modes of listening (╔couter, Ou´r, Entendre, Comprendre) which can be arranged in a table with four sections numbered from one to four. They arise from the crossing over of two dualisms which are encountered universally in every perceptual activity: the Abstract/Concrete dualism and the Objective/Subjective dualism (a confrontation between the object of perception and the activity of the perceiving consciousness). Schaeffer represents them as follows:

Abstract Concrete
4. COMPRENDREá 1. ╔COUTER Objective
3. ENTENDREá 2. OU¤R Subjective
  1. ╔couter, is listening to someone, to something; and through the intermediary of sound, aiming to identify the source, the event, the cause, it treats the sound as a sign of this source, this event (Concrete/Objective).
  2. Ou´r, to perceive by the ear, to be struck by sounds, it is the crudest level, the most elementary of perception; so we "hear", passively, lots of things which we are not trying to listen to nor understand (Concrete/Subjective).
  3. Entendre, here, according to its etymology, means showing an intention to listen [Úcouter], choosing from what we hear [ou´r] what particularly interests us, thus "determining" what we hear (Abstract/Subjective).
  4. Comprendre, means grasping a meaning, values, by treating the sound like a sign, referring to this meaning as a function of a language, a code (semantic hearing; Abstract/Objective).

These four modes can be summarised more or less in this sentence: "I heard (ou´r) you despite myself, although I did not listen (Úcouter) at the door, but I didn’t understand (comprendre) what I heard (entendre)." (Paraphrase of Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)


See also:

Causal Listening, Listening Strategy, Modes of Listening, Reduced Listening, Schaefferian Theory, Semantic Listening, Technological Listening



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Chion, Michel (1983). Guide des objets sonores, Pierre Schaeffer et la recherche musicale
Schaeffer, Pierre, Reibel, Guy, Ferreyra Beatriz, (1998 (1967)). SolfŔge de l’objet sonore


memantine tablet in usa bupropion 3332 bupropion prices online s buy sustanon 250 online in usa http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=63812 orlistat of ranbaxy india in new york memantine http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=23545 http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=979501 info about fluticasone cost azithromycin without perscription paypal information buy aurogra pills discount femara in france http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=58827 buy cialis with paypal kamagra oral jelly cvs http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=292373 more eriacta ciprofloxacin 500mg in mayami http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=234781 http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=58533 buy cipro hc otic buy sustanon nuvigil buy in france bactrim ds 80 more alli orlistat 60 mg 170 capsules bimatoprost information about prosteride 5 mg bupropion hcl 100mg buy discounted nuvigil buy revlimid buy piracetam by ucb buy caverta in malaysia enalapril maleate 10 mg pelosta 1 genpharma buy kamagra oral jelly in india piracetam amazon modalert 1000mg sun pharma in mexico buy iressa tablet buy geftinat online in california nuvigil armodafinil buy armodafinil fast memantine usa manufacturer http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=905649 xenical 120 mg http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=46507 bupropion hlc fluticasone nasal spray 50 buy lovegra tablets buy wellbutrin sr more info about generic bactrim ds http://lienmultimedia.com/?buy=261717 forzest 20mg in mayami generic azithromycin capsules info about buy cialis online safely price bupropion xl sulbutiamine 50 grams powder