Reduced Listening

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Schaefferian Theory  ]

In Schaefferian theory, reduced listening is the attitude which consists in listening to the sound for its own sake, as a sound object by removing its real or supposed source and the meaning it may convey.

More precisely, it is the inversion of this twofold curiosity about causes and meaning (which treats sound as an intermediary allowing us to pursue other objects) in order to turn it back on to the sound itself. In reduced listening our listening intention targets the event which the sound object is itself (and not to which it refers) and the values which it carries in itself (and not the ones it suggests).

In "ordinary" listening the sound is always treated as a vehicle. Reduced listening is therefore an "anti-natural" process, which goes against all conditioning. The act of removing all our habitual references in listening is a voluntary and artificial act which allows us to clarify many phenomena implicit in our perception.

Thus, the name reduced listening refers to the notion of phenomenological reduction (Époché), because it consists to some extent of stripping the perception of sound of everything that is not "it itself" in order to hear only the sound, in its materiality, its substance, its perceivable dimensions.

Reduced listening and the sound object are thus correlates of each other; they define each other mutually and respectively as perceptual activity and object of perception. (Source - Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)

Reduced listening is the most often used Schaefferian term in the English language.

 

See also:

Abstract Sound, Causal Listening, Écoutes Banales et Practiciennes (Ordinary and Practical Listening), Écoutes Naturelles et Culturelles (Natural and Cultural Listening), Époché, Interiority, Modes of Listening, Quatre Écoutes, Referential Sound, Semantic Listening

 

Bibliography:

English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Augoyard, Jean-François (1999). L’objet sonore ou l’environnement suspendu
Breinbjerg, Morten, Caprani, Ole, Lunding, Rasmus, Kramhøft, Line (2006). An Acousmatic Composition Environment
Chion, Michel (1983). Guide des objets sonores, Pierre Schaeffer et la recherche musicale
Courchene, Kim S. (2001). A Conversation with Beatriz Ferreyra
Dhomont, Francis (1999). Dynamique de l’arrêt sur image
Ferreyra, Beatriz (2001). Le “Groupe solfège” du GRM et le traité des objets musicaux
Field, Ambrose (2000). Simulation and Reality: The New Sonic Objects
Fort, Bernard (2001). De l’animation à l’édition d’outils pédagogiques
HERRERA, Silvia (2005). Gabriel Brncic: Un primer acercamiento hacia el compositor y maestro chileno en el exilio (Gabriel Brncic: A first approach to the Chilean composer and maestro in his exile)
Molino, Jean (1999). La musique et l’objet
Palombini, Carlos (2002). Musique Concrète Revisited
Régnault, Cécile (2001). Correspondances entre graphisme et son : les représentations visuelles de “l’objet sonore”
Roy, Stéphane (2003b). L’utopie, contrée fertile de l’aventure électroacoustique
Roy, Stéphane (2006). L’analyse formelle en quête de significations profondes
Schaeffer, Pierre (1977). Traité des objets musicaux
SCHAEFFER, Pierre (1988). Tratado de los Objetos Musicales (traducción del original en francés, Traité des objets musicaux [version abrégée], por Araceli Cabezón de Diego)
Schaeffer, Pierre, Reibel, Guy, Ferreyra Beatriz, (1998 (1967)). Solfège de l’objet sonore
Smalley, Denis (1992). The Listening Imagination: Listening in the Electroacoustic Era
Smalley, Denis (1995a). The Listening Imagination: Listening in the Electroacoustic Era
Smalley, Denis (1999). Établissement de cadres relationnels pour l’analyse de la musique postschaefferienne
Thomas, Jean-Christophe (1999). L’imagination matérielle dans les musique concrètes. Avant-propos du langage des objets au langage des choses, deux mots sur la révolution baylienne (II)
Thoresen, Lasse, Hedman, Andreas (2007). Spectromorphological analysis of sound objects: an adaptation of Pierre Schaeffer’s typomorphology
Truax, Barry (1996d). Sounds and Sources in {Powers of Two} Towards a Contemporary Myth
Windsor, W. Luke (1994). Using Auditory Information for Events in Electroacoustic Music

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