Reduced Listening

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Schaefferian Theory  ]

In Schaefferian theory, reduced listening is the attitude which consists in listening to the sound for its own sake, as a sound object by removing its real or supposed source and the meaning it may convey.

More precisely, it is the inversion of this twofold curiosity about causes and meaning (which treats sound as an intermediary allowing us to pursue other objects) in order to turn it back on to the sound itself. In reduced listening our listening intention targets the event which the sound object is itself (and not to which it refers) and the values which it carries in itself (and not the ones it suggests).

In "ordinary" listening the sound is always treated as a vehicle. Reduced listening is therefore an "anti-natural" process, which goes against all conditioning. The act of removing all our habitual references in listening is a voluntary and artificial act which allows us to clarify many phenomena implicit in our perception.

Thus, the name reduced listening refers to the notion of phenomenological reduction (Époché), because it consists to some extent of stripping the perception of sound of everything that is not "it itself" in order to hear only the sound, in its materiality, its substance, its perceivable dimensions.

Reduced listening and the sound object are thus correlates of each other; they define each other mutually and respectively as perceptual activity and object of perception. (Source - Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)

Reduced listening is the most often used Schaefferian term in the English language.


See also:

Abstract Sound, Causal Listening, Écoutes Banales et Practiciennes (Ordinary and Practical Listening), Écoutes Naturelles et Culturelles (Natural and Cultural Listening), Époché, Interiority, Modes of Listening, Quatre Écoutes, Referential Sound, Semantic Listening



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order


more info xalatan 0.005 60 mg risperdal atrovent albuterol neb prometrium generic in uk caffeine melatonin study pepcid suspension after stopping lamictal info about prevacid hip migraines toradol clonidine aggressiveness celebrex indonesia motrin nosebleeds nexium v prevacid piriton mix keflex in united states buy sulfasalazine flexeril forms motrin babies sleeplessness buy estrace amoxicillin 500mg cheap celebrex case lasix loop duiretics information about detrol family coumadin coq10 in usa lamictal kidneys glaxosmithkline vesicare uterine manipulator lamictal antipsychotic blood volume epogen in france levaquin for std's wlamart brand dulcolax in canada buspar aniety medicine in canada tylenol before colonoscopy melatonin analog more info flomax litigation information cymbalta concerta combination singulair 10 accutane irritating esophagus more info yeast infection benadryl depo medrol duarrhea mobic flatware in new york proscar rose in california buy vastarel generic for valtrex benadryl xylocaine depakote for fibromyalgia in california coffee synthroid risperdal withdrawl erythromycin 500mg combivent trach in california chantix new orleans steffania allegra in united states aleve texas melatonin mangel more info rogaine races atenolol 50 markings exelon 401k cost nexium lipitor three benefits