Reduced Listening

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Schaefferian Theory  ]

In Schaefferian theory, reduced listening is the attitude which consists in listening to the sound for its own sake, as a sound object by removing its real or supposed source and the meaning it may convey.

More precisely, it is the inversion of this twofold curiosity about causes and meaning (which treats sound as an intermediary allowing us to pursue other objects) in order to turn it back on to the sound itself. In reduced listening our listening intention targets the event which the sound object is itself (and not to which it refers) and the values which it carries in itself (and not the ones it suggests).

In "ordinary" listening the sound is always treated as a vehicle. Reduced listening is therefore an "anti-natural" process, which goes against all conditioning. The act of removing all our habitual references in listening is a voluntary and artificial act which allows us to clarify many phenomena implicit in our perception.

Thus, the name reduced listening refers to the notion of phenomenological reduction (Époché), because it consists to some extent of stripping the perception of sound of everything that is not "it itself" in order to hear only the sound, in its materiality, its substance, its perceivable dimensions.

Reduced listening and the sound object are thus correlates of each other; they define each other mutually and respectively as perceptual activity and object of perception. (Source - Michel Chion (1983). Guide des Objets Sonores. Eds. Buchet/Chastel, Paris. 1995 translation by John Dack/Christine North.)

Reduced listening is the most often used Schaefferian term in the English language.


See also:

Abstract Sound, Causal Listening, Écoutes Banales et Practiciennes (Ordinary and Practical Listening), Écoutes Naturelles et Culturelles (Natural and Cultural Listening), Époché, Interiority, Modes of Listening, Quatre Écoutes, Referential Sound, Semantic Listening



English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

lipitor for free
about zovirax cream 5
geniric for nexium in mayami
paxil pill
ftv lasix im
remeron med
plavix nutrition
info about symbicort directions
more zaditor
keppra complaint
buy vastarel
more info about canary erythromycin toxic
more info flomax pump
shingles treatment zovirax
lexapro equivolent
ampicillin e coli
more prograf drug
ginkgo biloba prilosec
snorting keppra
baby tylenol period in new york
coumadin caffeine
elavil sleep
mobic verses celebrex
brahmi bacopa
vitells purim
coumadin drug
info about melatonin hot flash
amoxicillin for bacteria
arava drug
more evista art pro
ip china clomid
allegra lexington ky
misoprostol without prescription
norvasc 5mg 
reconstituting ampicillin intravenous
aricept generic for
melatonin treatment
aleve texas
tricor dizziness