Any sound recording created away from the studio in a specific space or sonic environment. The aim of field recording might be to capture a particular element of this space (as is the case, for example in documentary nature recordings), or to capture the totality which may be thought of as soundscape, auditory scene, or ambience. Field recording may also be referred to as ’on-location recording’; however this term is also used to describe commercial recording of performances in specific venues and acoustic settings. Field recording is integral to Soundscape Composition.
Most frequently used in the sense of technique(s) i.e. sound recording ‘in the field’ it has also claimed artistic status in relation to music and radio. With the advent of online communities of shared interests, the distribution and sharing of soundfiles across the web, some use the term in the sense of a genre of electroacoustic music, with its own aesthetic as well as technical concerns.
See also:Acoustic Ecology, Anecdotal Composition, Phonography, Soundscape Composition
Bibliography: Barrett, Natasha (2000b). A Compositional Methodology Based on Data Extracted from Natural Phenomena
Feld, Steven, Palombini, Carlos (2001). Thoughts on Recording Soundscapes
Lockwood, Annea (2004). Sound Mapping the Danube River from the Black Forest to the Black Sea: Progress Report, 2001-2003
McCartney, Andra (2000a). Soundwalking Interactions
McCartney, Andra (2000d). Sounding Places with Hildegard Westerkamp
McCartney, Andra (2002b). Sharing Experiences Towards the Possibility of an Electroacoustic Ecology
Quin, Douglas (2002/2003). Antarctica: Austral Soundscapes - Sonic adventures in the realms of white at the bottom of the world
Viola, Bill (2004). David Tudor: The Delicate Art of Falling