Sound Production and Manipulation [SPM]  ]

A sample is a portion of sound locked in digital memory, which can be played back, transposed and undergo several other transformations which are possible in a dedicated device such as a sampler or on a computer’s hard disk. Most of these functions can be triggered either by the sampler’s controls, by a MIDI instrument or through other digital interfaces: computer software or hardware, MIDI data boxes. (Source - Rodolfo Caesar (1992). The Composition of Electroacoustic Music. PhD Thesis, University of East Anglia.)

A sampler is an electronic instrument that allows for the capture of digital recordings of any sound which can be played back by way of any MIDI trigger. Most samplers allow for modest editing opportunities (e.g., envelope, filter, modulation) as well as creating a digital loop allowing short sounds to be sustained.




- Digital Creation with Sounds and Music: Collect ( English , French )
- Introduction à l’histoire et à l’esthétique des musiques électroacoustiques: Session 6 - De la musique mixte à l’interactivité ( French )



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Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Battier, Marc (2003). Création numérique avec les sons et la musique : Introduction en ligne
Battier, Marc (2003b). Notes sur l’électronique dans un opéra récent : {K...} de Philippe Manoury
Gallet, Bastien (2002). Le boucher du prince Wen-houei
Hoopen, Christiane ten, Landy, Leigh (1992). La musique électroacoustique
Lalitte, Philippe (1998). {City Life}
Reich, Steve, Vérin, Nicolas (1998). Interview de Steve Reich
Tiffon, Vincent (2003). La partition, le phonographe et l’échantillonneur : usages de la copie en musique