Sound Production and Manipulation [SPM]  >  Sound Shaping  ]

Originally this word was used specifically for a tape loop; that is a fragment of tape of which the beginning and end have been cut and spliced together and therefore create a type of (continuous) ostinato, which can be of any length. Today this term is also used for samplers, computers and other real-time digital instruments: sounds of a specific length have been recorded but these might be shorter than a length needed during performance. An internal loop within the sound created by the user allows the sound to be sustained indefinitely. (Source - Leigh Landy (1994). Experimental Music Notebooks. Chur: Harwood.)



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Julien, Olivier (1999). Le magnétophone à bande analogique ou le premier multieffet
Schaeffer, Pierre (1977). Traité des objets musicaux
SCHAEFFER, Pierre (1988). Tratado de los Objetos Musicales (traducción del original en francés, Traité des objets musicaux [version abrégée], por Araceli Cabezón de Diego)
Schaeffer, Pierre, Reibel, Guy, Ferreyra Beatriz, (1998 (1967)). Solfège de l’objet sonore