Structure, Musical [Str]  >  Formalism  ]

Aleatory in music involves the application of some form of chance operations in decision-making. In electroacoustic music applications can range from compositional and performance decisions involving artists are chance-based algorithms. Aleatory is an antonym of Formalism.


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Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Asuar, Josť Vicente (1980). Un sistema para hacer musica con un Microcomputador (A music-making system using a Microcomputer)
Chang, Jae Ho (1999). Composing Noise
Clark, Thomas (1989). Coasts: On the Creative Edge with Composer Larry Austin
Hiller, Lejaren, A., Isaacson, Leonard M., (1959). Experimental Music: Composition with an Electronic Computer
Kuivila, Ron (2004). Open Sources: Words, Circuits and the Notation-Realization Relation in the Music of David Tudor
Spiegel, Laurie (1989). Distinguishing Random, Algorithmic, and Intelligent Music