PROGREMU

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Schaefferian Theory  ]

Musical composition is a complex process combining several discrete activities. Traditionally, disciplines such as harmony, counterpoint and orchestration have been regarded as distinct, though related, areas. Furthermore, each is characterised by a priori systems of classification and organisation. However, in the environment of the electroacoustic studio such systems are frequently entirely inappropriate and the composer appears to be confronted with repertories of sounds and techniques lacking both order and clarity. Pierre Schaeffer’s "Programme de la Recherche Musicale" (or PROGREMU) is a response to this situation. PROGREMU consists of five interdependent stages by which musical composition mediated by technology can be approached systematically. Recorded sound objects are classified and described according to their perceived features. These procedures facilitate the grouping of sound objects and, potentially, the promotion of any characteristic to the role of a principal articulator of structure. Separate activities can, therefore, still be identified. However, the electroacoustic medium encourages a reassessment of their functions and relationships. Consequently, PROGREMU elaborates, rather than rejects, already systematised traditional activities.

PROGREMU comprises a system of five interdependent stages: typology, morphology, characterology, analysis and synthesis. By means of typology and morphology sound objects are isolated from their context, classified and described. These are the most detailed, taxonomic stages of the programme. Thereafter, according to characterology, sounds can be grouped in "genres" and, by analysis, their potential for musical structures can be assessed. With this information the composer can synthesise new sound objects. Each stage has a specific function but is subservient to the ultimate aim - musical composition. (Source - John Dack, "Systematising the Unsystematic" - Paper presented at the Arts Symposium of the International Conference for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics, Baden-Baden, Germany, August, 1999)

 

See also:

Morphologie (Morphology), Schaefferian Theory, Typo-morphologie (Typo-morphology), Typologie (Typology)

 

Bibliography:

English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Top

testosterone undecanoate pills http://www.actuabd.com/?order=189909 sustanon no presription in united states amitriptyline sale http://www.actuabd.com/?order=162236 prilosec sale buy cheapest natamet amitriptyline cost zocor for sale buy enalapril no rx orlistat 60 mg in india buy avanafil online vasotec no prescription in india dilantin 400 mg in mexico aventis india in india about buy silagra 100 mg buy rizact without a prescription lipitor tablets cheap tadarise information arpizol for sale naltrexone 0.5 mcg generic form of nexium pelosta finasteride info about baclofen best offer generic enalapril more info about drug budeprion http://www.actuabd.com/?order=776070 10 lipitor mg order simvastatin online amlodipine discounts norvasc tablet namenda generic bactrim ds tablets diclofenac 50 mg purchase natamet omeprazole pills azithromycin 250 mg quickness rapamune 1 mg tablet info about mail order lipitor orlistat 60mg bupropion 150mg sr ciprofloxacin pills buy amlodac online cheap olanzapine buy zhewitra canada caberlin lowest price in india prilosec cost flagyl usa http://www.actuabd.com/?order=608452 bupropion xl 300mg best low price more info about buy nuvigil fast buy qutipin usa buy azithromycin online in new york buy rapamune buy finasteride online in canada