PROGREMU

Musicology of Electroacoustic Music [MEM]  >  Schaefferian Theory  ]

Musical composition is a complex process combining several discrete activities. Traditionally, disciplines such as harmony, counterpoint and orchestration have been regarded as distinct, though related, areas. Furthermore, each is characterised by a priori systems of classification and organisation. However, in the environment of the electroacoustic studio such systems are frequently entirely inappropriate and the composer appears to be confronted with repertories of sounds and techniques lacking both order and clarity. Pierre Schaeffer’s "Programme de la Recherche Musicale" (or PROGREMU) is a response to this situation. PROGREMU consists of five interdependent stages by which musical composition mediated by technology can be approached systematically. Recorded sound objects are classified and described according to their perceived features. These procedures facilitate the grouping of sound objects and, potentially, the promotion of any characteristic to the role of a principal articulator of structure. Separate activities can, therefore, still be identified. However, the electroacoustic medium encourages a reassessment of their functions and relationships. Consequently, PROGREMU elaborates, rather than rejects, already systematised traditional activities.

PROGREMU comprises a system of five interdependent stages: typology, morphology, characterology, analysis and synthesis. By means of typology and morphology sound objects are isolated from their context, classified and described. These are the most detailed, taxonomic stages of the programme. Thereafter, according to characterology, sounds can be grouped in "genres" and, by analysis, their potential for musical structures can be assessed. With this information the composer can synthesise new sound objects. Each stage has a specific function but is subservient to the ultimate aim - musical composition. (Source - John Dack, "Systematising the Unsystematic" - Paper presented at the Arts Symposium of the International Conference for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics, Baden-Baden, Germany, August, 1999)

 

See also:

Morphologie (Morphology), Schaefferian Theory, Typo-morphologie (Typo-morphology), Typologie (Typology)

 

Bibliography:

English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Top

tylenol plavix tylenol meltaways recall diovan genaric levaquin cholesterol levels boston terrier benadryl in usa levoxyl pruritus synthroid http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=387800 seroquel nizoral http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=665053 tetracycline 250 mg biaxin generic depakote hf clomid fsh carbamazepine clonidine geodon tours paxil pill benadryl xylocaine more info about compazine positive dat information administering gentamicin omeprazole slide presentation information verapamil amlodipine theophylline levels more info flomax prescription xopenex hfa free clocking off coumadin liquid amoxicillin http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=527008 discount prilosec 40 info about clonidine hlc discount exelon patch more info about depakote for fibromyalgia abilify compulsive gambling people on zoloft in france geodon im more info exelon corporation philadelphia information ip china clomid http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=844455 rash paxil zoloft medical questions more cipro tylenol atripla bms in california http://www.redligare.org/spip.php?buy=819598 cephalexin strength in uk information exelon 401k wellbutrin buspar januvia similar more info extenze co host prevastatin lovastatin lipitor substitute coumadin ancedotes lipitor for free in canada