Soundscape Studies

Disciplines of Study [DoS]  >  Acoustic Communication  ]

A soundscape is an environment of sound (or sonic environment) with emphasis on the way it is perceived and understood by the individual, or by a society. It thus depends on the relationship between the individual and any such environment. The term may refer to actual environments, or to abstract constructions such as musical compositions and tape montages, particularly when considered as an artificial environment.

The study of the systematic relationships between humans and sonic environments is called soundscape or acoustic ecology, whereas the creation, improvement or modelling of any such environment is a matter of soundscape design. All aspects of soundscape studies have been the concern of the World Soundscape Project.

Since a soundscape is shaped by both the conscious and subliminal perceptions of the listener, soundscape analysis is based on perceptual and cognitive attributes such as foreground, background, contour, rhythm, silence, density, space and volume, from which are derived such analytical concepts as Keynote, Sound Event, Soundmark, Sound Object and Sound Signal.

(Source: Barry Truax - Handbook for Acoustic Ecology CD-ROM Edition. Cambridge Street Publishing, 1999 - CSR-CDR 9901)

 

Links:

UNESCO DigiArts

- Young Digital Creators: The sound of our water ( English , French , Spanish )
- Young Digital Creators: Scenes and sounds of my city ( English , French , Spanish )

 

Bibliography:

English - Español - Français - Deutch - Italiano

Alphabetical order - Chronological order

Böhme, Gernot (2000). Acoustic Atmospheres: A Contribution to the Study of Ecological Aesthetics
Corringham, Viv (2006). {Urban Song Paths}: place resounding
Couprie, Pierre (2001d). Le vocabulaire de l’objet sonore
DeLaurenti, Christopher (2004). Intermissions with the orchestra
Droumeva, Milena (2004). The music must always play: redefining the public and private
Dunn, David (2001). Nature, Sound Art, and the Sacred
Emmerson, Simon (2000c). Time Regained
Feld, Steven, Palombini, Carlos (2001). Thoughts on Recording Soundscapes
Ferrington, Gary (2001). Acoustic Ecology and Environmental Studies: A New Academic Home for the Teaching of Ecoacoustics
Gontcharoff, Paul (2001). Présentation générale et éléments d’analyse
Iges, José (2000). Soundscapes: A Historical Approach
Kaltenecker, Martin (2005). L’en-delà du concret, notes pour une physionomie musicale de Michel Chion
LaBelle, Brandon, Breitsameter, Sabine (2002). Questionnaire
Lopez, Francisco (1998). Schizophonia vs. l’object sonore: soundscapes and artistic freedom
McCartney, Andra (2000c). Soundscape Composition and the Subversion of Electroacoustic Norms
McCartney, Andra (2000d). Sounding Places with Hildegard Westerkamp
McGinley, Robin (2001). Stockholm Soundscape Project: New Directions in Music Education
Mestral, Charles de (1991). La composition de l’espace public sonore
Mulder, Robert, Allick, Kristi (2002). {Fragrances of Time and Space}: An Omniscape Installation
Nishimura, Atsushi (2005). A Tiny Field for Soundscape Design: A Case Study of the Soundscape Museum in Osaka, Japan
Norman, Katharine (1996). Real-World Music as Composed Listening
Paine, Garth (2005). {Endangered Sounds}: a sound project
Schafer, Murray R. (1991). Acoustic Space
Schafer, R. Murray (1993). Voices of Tyranny Temples of Silence
Schafer, R. Murray (1994). The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World
Schafer, R. Murray (2001). Music and the Soundscape
Schryer, Claude (2001). The Sharawadji Effect
Truax, Barry (1995a). The Composition of Environmental Sound at Simon Fraser University
Truax, Barry (1996b). Soundscape, Acoustic Communication and Environmental Sound Composition
Truax, Barry (1999a). Handbook for Acoustic Ecology
Velasco, Daniel (2000). {Island Landscape}: Following in Humboldt’s Footsteps through the Acoustic Spaces of the Tropics
Von Der Weid, Jean-Noël (2004). Dans la tripe bruyante du monde: Murray Schafer
Westerkamp, Hildegarde (2001). Speaking from Inside the Soundscape
Wrightson, Kendall (2002). An Introduction to Acoustic Ecology

 

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